«Тема UNIT YI. SKIING Задания: 1) записать слова Упр. 1. Выполнить задания Упр 1-2-3. Ответы присылать на электронный адрес Shiotenok 1.Study the list of words ...»
Тема UNIT YI. SKIING
Задания: 1) записать слова Упр. 1.
Выполнить задания Упр 1-2-3.
Ответы присылать на электронный адрес Shiotenok@yandex.ruEx. 1.Study the list of words and expressions. Mind your pronunciation.
Consult the dictionary if necessary.
Alpine skiing, alpine events
прыжки с трамплина
гонки по пересечённой местности
ворота (между флажками)
стрельба по цели
«змейка» в слаломе
падение защитные очки
Task 1. Read the text.
What new information have you learnt from the text?
(1) Skiing is s a kind of sport and a mode of transportation involving moving
over snow on a pair of long flat runners (skis) attached to shoes or boots.
Skiing was born in Scandinavia; the oldest skis, found in Swedish and Finnish
bogs, are 4,000-5,000 years old. The earliest skis were often short and broad.
Skiing had reached northern China by the 7th century AD. Skiing was used in
warfare in Scandinavia from the 13th century or earlier to the 20th century. Skis
have continued to be used for transport and travel to the present day.
(2) The earliest mode of skiing developed into the sport now called crosscountryskiing. Competitive cross-country skiing began in Norway in the 1840s
and had reached California by the 1860s. Improvements on primitive bindings
since 1860 led to far wider recreational skiing.
(3) Ski-jumping competitions date from the 1870s. Downhill skiing was
limited (in the absence of mountain railways or cable cars) by the need to climb the
hill after skiing down; the building of ski lifts began in the 1930s.
(4) Skis were originally made of a single piece of wood, usually hickory.
Laminated construction began in the 1930s. Plastic running surfaces were
introduced in the 1950s, and no wood has been used in the construction of
downhill skis for many decades.
(5) The business of skiing began its serious growth in the 1930s, which
became explosive in the 1950s and '60s; huge resorts now dot the Austrian, Swiss,
and Italian Alps, the Rocky Mtns., and other mountainous regions.
Task 2. Read the text once again.
Think of the suitable heading to each
Task 1. Read the text.
Translate the italicized words. Think of the proper title
to the text.
Winter sport is a wide field; but despite the thrills of ice-hockey, the
fascinations on figure-skating, skiing dominates all, and above all, Alpine skiing.
Skiing is a symphony of snow, sun and movement; the air is champagne to the
lungs. No wonder skiing has conquered the world. It recruited millions of flowers.
It made poor mountain villages and tiny townships into wealthy resorts. It built
hundreds of hotels, hostels, ski-lifts, funiculars, and cable-railways. It busied
steamships ay a time of year when 40 years ago nobody would voluntarily have
ventured out of doors, let alone have traveled if the journey were not absolutely
Skiing comprises Alpine events, ski-jumping and cross-country events. The
Alpine events for women and men are slalom, giant slalom and downhill (race).
In the downhill Alpine events, ski-jumping and cross-country events. The Alpine
events for women and men are slalom, giant slalom and downhill (race).
In the downhill race, where the aim is to get from top to bottom in the
quickest possible time, choosing the best course for the purpose, speeds above 50
m.p. a possible. In the slalom, competitors must weave their way through 40
flagged gates during their two runs.
The women's cross-country events accepted in the Olympics comprise a 10-
km race and 3 x 5-km (three-lady, 5-kilometre) relay. The men's event look like
this: a 15 km race, a 30-km race, a 50-km race, a 4 x 10-km (four-man, 10
kilometer) cross-country relay.
There are two more skiing events in which a participant is to display two
skills. The so-called Nordic combination combines jumping and a 15-km cross-country
The last but not the least is biathlon. Biathlon is a combination of cross-country
ski-running and rifle-marksmanship: a 20 km race, with each contestant
firing five shots at a single target on each of four rouges along the course. Every
target-miss will mean two minutes being added to the competitor’s time.
Task 2. Read the text and answer the following questions:
1) Why has skiing conquered the world?
2) What kinds of events does skiing comprise?
3) What is the aim of downhill race?
4) What is slalom?
5) What skills should be displayed in biathlon?
Task 3. Complete the graph. Speak about skiing using the graph.