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«КОНТРОЛЬНЫЕ РАБОТЫ по дисциплине ИНОСТРАННЫЙ ЯЗЫК Направление подготовки 44.03.01 ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКОЕ ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ профиль ИСТОРИЧЕСКОЕ ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ ЗАОЧНАЯ ФОРМА ОБУЧЕНИЯ I КУРС II СЕМЕСТР ...»

КОНТРОЛЬНЫЕ РАБОТЫ

по дисциплине ИНОСТРАННЫЙ ЯЗЫК

Направление подготовки 44.03.01

ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКОЕ ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ

профиль ИСТОРИЧЕСКОЕ ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ

ЗАОЧНАЯ ФОРМА ОБУЧЕНИЯ I КУРС II СЕМЕСТР

преподаватель: доцент Н.В. Кукушкин

Варианты контрольных работ

Выбор варианта осуществляется по первой букве фамилии согласно алфавиту в следующей последовательности:

Буква № варианта Буква № варианта Буква № варианта

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К 1

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10 Л

М

Н

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ПРС

Т

У

Ф

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10 Х

ЦЧ

ШЩЫЭ

ЮЯ 1

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Контрольная работа

ВАРИАНТ 1.

Задание 1.

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо и переведите предложения.

1.This... pencil is broken. Give me that... pencil, please.

2. My... mother is at... home. She is reading... interesting... book.

3. There is... tea in my... glass. There is no... tea in my... friend's... glass. His... glass is empty.

4. "Really?" said... lady in... surprised tone: "What... interesting thing!" But... other tourist said: "You must be wrong".

5. He took... tourists from... place to... place, but as... town was small, after... while... guide could not think of anything that might be of... interest to... Americans.

Задание 2.

Заполните пропуски, вставив одно из местоимений, данных в скобках, и переведите предложения.

1. We haven't... black stockings. (no, any)

2. “They have … red boots, Kate”. (any, no)

3. I don't want... today, thanks. (nothing, anything)

Задание 3.

Раскроете скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из времен, укажите время и переведите предложения:

1. When I (to leave) home, the snow already (to stop), but a strong wind (to blow).

2. You (to read) this book? - Yes, I (to read) it. I (to think) it (to be) very interesting. 3. What the children (to do) now? - Oh, they (to play) a new table game which I (to buy) for them the day before yesterday. 4. If you (to help) me tomorrow, I (to do) this work well. 5. When I (to leave) home, the snow already (to stop), but a strong wind (to blow). 6. You (to read) this book? - Yes, I (to read) it tomorrow. I (to think) it (to be) very interesting. 7. What the children (to do) now? - Oh, they (to play) a new table game which I (to buy) for them the day before yesterday.

Задание 4.

Выпишите модальные глаголы или их эквиваленты, причастия настоящего времени, указывая от каких глаголов они образованы, и переведите предложения.

1. I got up at 7 o'clock. 2. We were talking all our meeting. 3. He speaks English well. 4. When I was a young person I liked sport. 5. They are allowed to take these books. 6. I can’t help you. 7. She's looking at the man next to her. 8. I shall be reading when you come. 9. Has Lucille а new motorcar. 10. Has he to listen to her? 11. I don't go out because it’s cold outside. 12. I might take your things.





Задание 5.

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.

1. Где сейчас ваш брат? - Его послали во Францию. 2. Наш дом сейчас ремонтируют. 3. Тебя вчера просили прийти пораньше? 4. Книги надо положить в шкаф. 5. За доктором пошлют завтра. 6. Колю как раз сейчас спрашивают. 7. За Леной послали ли до того как ты пришел? 7. Нас допросили в полиции. 8. Знал ли ты номер его телефона до того как он позвонил?

Задание 6.

Письменно переведите текст и задайте 5 вопросов в виде плана для пересказа текста.

For the Young Teacher

Are you the kind of teacher whose children groan or sigh when the bell rings, because they don't want their lesson to stop? "What fun" they say as they leave the room. "We had a marvelous lesson today" they tell their mothers and fathers. "Our teacher's terrific" they tell their friends. Or are you the sort of teacher who says to the class "Now I'm going to read you a funny poem" – and does so in a voice of gloom – like a man announcing the death of a close friend. Or the kind of teacher who kills a child's enthusiasm and interest by saying in reply to a pupil's honest comment ("I don't like that story, miss, I think it' stupid"): "If you talk like that, Alice, I'll put you outside the classroom door." Ah, well! It takes all sorts of teachers to make a world, I suppose. But I like my children to have fun – perhaps because I remember so well my Great-Aunt Edith who believed that "children should be seen and not heard" and was never tired of telling me so.

What then is fun in a lesson – fun for children in a classroom? Perhaps I'd better start by saying pretty what it's not! It is not chaos. It is not the teacher clapping hands for silence with no result. It is not children jumping out of their places without purpose 'or reason. It is not children talking to each other at the tops of their voices in competition with the teacher. All this would show a teacher who has no control and no discipline. Above all, this kind of thing would reflect a lack of personal discipline in the mind of the teacher.

Fun, then, starts in the mind of the teacher, long before he gets anywhere near his school, let alone his particular classroom. It starts with a feeling and belief that teaching children is one of the jolliest things anybody can do. Hard work, heartbreaking, exhausting, exasperating – yes. But worthwhile and exciting. The good teacher is the one who keeps his mind open to new ideas and new impressions. He is one who seizes on the realities of the world around him today and incorporates them in the lesson of tomorrow.

ВАРИАНТ 2.

Задание 1.

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо и переведите предложения.

1. Is this my … pencil? No, it isn’t. It is not my … pencil. It’s … his … pencil.

2. My... brother is not at... home, he is at... school.

3. My... brother is... teacher. He works at... school.

4. What does your mother do after... breakfast? - She goes to... work.

5. Until near... end of... 19th century it was the law in England that if... man was unable to pay... debt, even small one, he could be imprisoned.

Задание 2.

Заполните пропуски, вставив одно из местоимений, данных в скобках, и переведите предложения.

1. No, nobody here has lost.... (nothing anything)

2. We haven't... black stockings. (no, any)

3. “They have … red boots, Kate”. (any, no)

Задание 3.

Раскроете скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из времен, укажите его и переведите предложения:

1. The lesson (not yet to begin), and the children (to talk) loudly in the corridor. 2. He (to read) a book at 5 o'clock yesterday. 3. Yesterday the children (to do) all their homework before mother (to come) home, and when she (to come), they (to play) with the cat. 4. I (to lose) my key when I (to play) in the yard yesterday. 5. Ring me up as soon as you (to come) home. 8. Where you usually (to take) books for reading?

6. I (to live) in St. Petersburg since 1991. 7. Mike (to eat) ice-cream every day. Look, he (to eat) ice-cream now. When I (to see) him in the morning, he (to eat) ice-cream, too. He (to say) he (to eat) one ice-cream already by that time. I think he (to fall) ill if he (to eat) so much ice-cream. 8. By the fifteenth of January the students (to pass) all the examinations.

Задание 4.

Выпишите модальные глаголы или их эквиваленты, причастия настоящего времени, указывая от каких глаголов они образованы, и переведите предложения.

1. I got up at 7 o'clock. 2. We were talking all our meeting. 3. He speaks English well. 4. When I was a young person I liked sport. 5. They are allowed to take these books. 6. I can’t help you. 7. She's looking at the man next to her. 8. I shall be reading when you come. 9. Has Lucille а new motorcar. 10. Has he to listen to her? 11. I don't go out because it’s cold outside. 12. I might take your things.

Задание 5.

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.

1. Когда сорвали эти цветы? 2. Колю как раз сейчас спрашивают. 3. Книги уже принесли из библиотеки? 4. В Санкт-Петербурге строят много домов. 5. Куда положили тетради? 6. За этим профессором всегда посылают в трудных ситуациях. 7. Обед только что приготовлен. 8. Задание выполнено до того, как пришел инспектор?

Задание 6.

Письменно переведите текст и задайте 5 вопросов в виде плана для пересказа текста.

For the Young Teacher

He is one who comes fresh to even routine stuff– tables in Arithmetic – verbs in Languages – dates in History – dull old stuff, but given a new look by the alive, alert teacher. He is one who prepares carefully and doesn't merely turn up the stuff of his training college notes of twenty years ago – or two years ago. The first step towards fun in the classroom, then, is "mental preparedness" – what's in the mind of the teacher. Next there is his "physical" organization or preparation.

Organization is so important if a lesson is to be fun – if it is to go with a swing. Organization means having at hand the right books and the right number of them – the right tools for the job – pens, pencils, paper – the right apparatus for this lesson, not old junk covered with the dust of ages or "knocked up" to satisfy a training college examiner without any specific group of children or lesson for them in mind.

Now comes the all-important matter of the teaching manner. He should be alert and dynamic in voice and gesture. He should not have the desk as perpetual barrier between himself and his children. He should stand for his teaching and not lounge or sprawl in a chair. And finally, and of supreme importance, his voice should have variety in pitch, speed and volume. After all, the voice of the teacher is his supreme teaching aid. With it he teaches the subtleties of "grammar" that differentiate in English between this and these at the elementary level or the subtleties of "mood" in poetry, prose, and drama.

And so the teacher who is resolved that his lessons shall be fun reads and studies and listens daily and keeps himself "educated." So he goes through his lesson in advance and checks that all his "stores" are ready. Finally, he makes every effort to train his voice to be the servant of his will. The voice reflects the man and his mood. A man in his life, says Shakespeare, plays many parts. The teacher plays even more than many parts and his voice must be in tune with all the players and the play.

Given all this, the child has fun and the lesson is enjoyed. Teaching that is joyless and without fun lacks total effectiveness and it is certain that the teacher in only partly living!

ВАРИАНТ 3

Задание 1.

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо и переведите предложения.

1.She has … child.

2. My... mother is at... home. She is reading... interesting... book.

3. There is no... tea in my... friend's... glass. His... glass is empty.

4. Where is... refrigerator in your... kitchen? - It is in... corner of... kitchen.

5. He sat down at... table, called... waiter and ordered... mushrooms. But... Frenchman did not know... Swedish and... waiter did not know... French.

Задание 2.

Заполните пропуски, вставив одно из местоимений, данных в скобках, и переведите предложения.

1. They have... from my grandmother. (nothing, anything)

2. We haven't... black stockings. (no, any)

3. “They have … red boots, Kate”. (any, no)

Задание 3.

Раскроете скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из времен, укажите его и переведите предложения:

1. When I (to leave) home, the snow already (to stop), but a strong wind (to blow).

2. You (to read) this book? - Yes, I (to read) it. I (to think) it (to be) very interesting. 3. What the children (to do) now? - Oh, they (to play) a new table game which I (to buy) for them the day before yesterday. 4. If you (to help) me tomorrow, I (to do) this work well. 5. When I (to leave) home, the snow already (to stop), but a strong wind (to blow). 6. You (to read) this book? - Yes, I (to read) it tomorrow. I (to think) it (to be) very interesting. 7. What the children (to do) now? - Oh, they (to play) a new table game which I (to buy) for them the day before yesterday.

Задание 4.

Выпишите модальные глаголы или их эквиваленты, причастия настоящего времени, указывая от каких глаголов они образованы, и переведите предложения.

1. He isn't waiting for us. 2. She cannot do this work. 3. Are you speaking Russian now? 4. May I come in. 5. I go to the library in the evening. 6. You couldn’t ski, it’s so cold. 7. She did that work laughing. 8. I’m allowed to do all I want. 9. My brother was to do this work.10. Have you to answer to the question? 11. He was

Задание 5.

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.

1. Где сейчас ваш брат? - Его послали во Францию. 2. Наш дом сейчас ремонтируют. 3. Тебя вчера просили прийти пораньше? 4. Книги надо положить в шкаф. 5. За доктором пошлют завтра. 6. Колю как раз сейчас спрашивают. 7. За Леной послали ли до того как ты пришел? 7. Нас допросили в полиции. 8. Знал ли ты номер его телефона до того как он позвонил?

Задание 6.

Письменно переведите текст и задайте 5 вопросов в виде плана для пересказа текста.

Study at HomeAnother pre-Soviet way of life is returning to Moscow. Home education has recently been legalized by city authorities. Moscow News applied to the education department of Moscow's government for comment.

Natalia Shelakhina, head of the department for preschool and primary education, said that until recently only parents of sick and under-developed children were allowed to resort to home teaching. All parents who are not satisfied with the existing schools can hire private teachers or teach their children themselves.

Children learning at home will be formally registered in schools and their parents will get an equivalent of what the state annually spends on each student. The sum is officially estimated at 480 rubles (about $100).

Those who will want to improve their financial situation by skipping school will be disappointed. First, the amount is too small. Second, in order to get permission to educate a child at home the family must sign a contract with a school, after which its representatives examine the child's conditions. If that is approved, school representatives will provide a detailed curriculum and textbooks free of charge.

Parents, in turn, have to provide basic knowledge for their kids. The children will be tested once a month, term, or year, depending on the specific school. If a child fails the exams he or she will have to continue studying in an assigned school. The schools will issue certificates to those who satisfactorily pass the exams.

Only few families choose to tutor their children at home. The majority are affluent families whose children are studying music or preparing for careers in sports. Those parents usually are not interested in state money. The authorities refused to identify any of them.

The education department maintains that this form of education is unlikely to spread. Just like a century ago, only the rich can afford home education. When contacted by phone, education authorities in several of Moscow's districts could not say if any children were going to be educated at home, sounding rather perplexed.

In 1992 the new law on education cancelled the Soviet compulsory education system. Many children are now washing cars, selling newspapers or just begging, and their parents are satisfied that the children earn their living themselves.

Moscow's education department is presently trying to restore the old system of registering children of school age to ensure that all go to primary school. The police are looking up parents who do not let their children go to school.

ВАРИАНТ 4.

Задание 1.

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо, и переведите предложения.

1.I have two... sisters. My... sisters are... students.

2. Open... window, please.... weather is fine today. I can see... sun in... sky.

3.Is there... sofa in your... living-room? - Yes, there is... cosy little... sofa in... living-room.

4.When do you watch... TV? - I watch... TV in... evening. We have... large colour … TV-set in our... room.

Задание 2.

Заполните пропуски, вставив одно из местоимений, данных в скобках, и переведите предложения.

1. No, nobody here has lost.... (nothing anything)

2. We haven't... black stockings. (no, any)

3. “They have … red boots, Kate”. (any, no)

Задание 3.

Раскроете скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из времен, укажите его и переведите предложения:

1. The lesson (not yet to begin), and the children (to talk) loudly in the corridor. 2. He (to read) a book at 5 o'clock yesterday. 3. Yesterday the children (to do) all their homework before mother (to come) home, and when she (to come), they (to play) with the cat. 4. I (to lose) my key when I (to play) in the yard yesterday. 5. Ring me up as soon as you (to come) home. 8. Where you usually (to take) books for reading?

6. I (to live) in St. Petersburg since 1991. 7. Mike (to eat) ice-cream every day. Look, he (to eat) ice-cream now. When I (to see) him in the morning, he (to eat) ice-cream, too. He (to say) he (to eat) one ice-cream already by that time. I think he (to fall) ill if he (to eat) so much ice-cream. 8. By the fifteenth of January the students (to pass) all the examinations.

Задание 4.

Выпишите модальные глаголы или их эквиваленты, причастия настоящего времени, указывая от каких глаголов они образованы, и переведите предложения.

1. They had many good marks. 2. What are you doing now? 3. Were you able to come here? 4. I read an article about animal two days ago. 5. I am able to read French. 6. I shall have to read this novel before tomorrow. 7. It is а nice day. 8. He is at school now. 9. Am I giving an English lesson or a French one? 10. He is to study well. 11. John knows Russian well. 12. He's reading and laughing.

Задание 5.

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.

1. Когда сорвали эти цветы? 2. Колю как раз сейчас спрашивают. 3. Книги уже принесли из библиотеки? 4. В Санкт-Петербурге строят много домов. 5. Куда положили тетради? 6. За этим профессором всегда посылают в трудных ситуациях. 7. Обед только что приготовлен. 8. Задание выполнено до того, как пришел инспектор?

Задание 6.

Письменно переведите текст и задайте 5 вопросов в виде плана для пересказа текста.

Romans, Europeans and "New Russians"

Imagine a "new Russian." What does a person do, when he suddenly becomes rich? First, he buys things. Then he travels to other countries to get more things. Then he realizes it isn't enough, and tries to learn what other people know: he starts going to museums and theatres, to famous places and cities, tries to read and study more and if it's too late for himself, he looks for the best school for his children, making them learn foreign languages and study abroad. The most fashionable language in Russia is English, since it's the most popular one in international communication. But a hundred or two years ago it was French, and in Peter's times – German, and still earlier it was Greek. Keep that in mind, and let's have a look at the rest of Europe.

To be an educated person in Medieval Europe, one had to know Latin. Learned men spoke the language to each other and wrote manuscripts in it, although by that time Latin had long been a dead language. Still, it remained, so to say, the language of international scientific communication. Why? Let's move still further into the past, when Rome was a powerful empire. We know that the Romans conquered lots of lands and peoples, and moved as far as the British Isles, Africa and Asia. But if Egypt and oriental countries had already created their prominent and highly developed cultures, European nations remained on a rather primitive level. They were for the most part illiterate tribes. Therefore, wherever the Romans came, they brought their alphabet, calendar, laws and traditions. Afterwards the Roman Empire vanished, being ruined by some of the same tribes, but culture has its own ways of development that are always progressive, no matter who conquers who. Thus, the former European barbarians started to create national cultures of their own, basing them on what had already been invented by the Romans. They used the Latin alphabet for their native writing, and as to science and philosophy, they introduced only Latin-based terms, just to seem more significant and wise. Knowledge of Latin, due to sources of knowledge in general, became fashionable. That is how lots of Latin (actually, Greek) roots, Latin suffixes and prefixes as well as their inconvenient spelling filled European languages, remaining and working in them ever after. Whatever new terminology humanity invents on the way of its progress, the words of Ancient Greece live on m them: photosynthesis, anthropomorphous, telepathy, hydrodynamics, and so on.

ВАРИАНТ 5

Задание 1.

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо и переведите предложения.

1. Is this my … pencil? No, it isn’t. It is not my … pencil. It’s … his … pencil.

2. We have... large room. There is... big sofa in... room and... little lamp on... wall over... sofa.

3. On... days when I have no... classes, I stay at... home and do some work about... house. I have... dinner with my family.

4. It was... hot day.... sun was shining brightly.... wolf and lamb met at... stream.

5. Until near... end of... 19th century it was the law in England that if... man was unable to pay... debt, even small one, he could be imprisoned.

Задание 2.

Заполните пропуски, вставив одно из местоимений, данных в скобках и переведите их.

1. "I haven't got... clean exercise-books, Mother," said the boy. (any, no)

2. There is... at home. (anybody, nobody)

3. How much did you pay for these pots? – I didn't pay.... (nothing, anything)

Задание 3.

Раскроете скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из времен, укажите его и переведите предложения:

1. Peter (to read) by the fireplace when the door (to open) and the maid (to enter). The cook (to follow) her. 2. When the mother (to satisfy) herself that the children (to sleep) peacefully in their beds, she (to take) out the Christmas presents and carefully (to put) them into the stockings which (to hang) at the beds. 3. If you (to ring) me up tomorrow, I (to tell) you all about it. 4. If you (to help) me tomorrow, I (to do) this work well. 5. I always (to get up) at 8 o'clock, but tomorrow I (to get) up a little later. 6. What you (to read) now? 7. A s soon as you (to see) your friend, tell him that I (to want) to see him. 8. They (to walk) along the street and (to talk). Suddenly Nick (to stop) and (to say): "Oh, what shall we do? I (to lose) the key to the door." "If you (not to find) it," said Pete, "we (to have) to wait for mother in the street.

Задание 4.

Выпишите модальные глаголы или их эквиваленты, причастия настоящего времени, указывая от каких глаголов они образованы, и переведите предложения.

1. She must be here at 5 o'clock. 2. I shall phone you tomorrow. 3. I was in the cinema. 4. They are reading their books. 5. I have а big cat. 6. Bob could sleep all day. 7. Will you be translating your lesson from 5 to 6? 8. Will you be present at the lesson tomorrow? 916. It is raining very hard. 10. He has to go there. 11. We shall be going to the cinema at 5 o'clock tomorrow. 12. He sees nobody playing football.

Задание 5.

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.

1. Можно кошку оставить во дворе? 2. За этим профессором всегда посылают в трудных ситуациях. 3. Колю как раз сейчас спрашивают. 4. Книги уже принесли из библиотеки? 5. На что нужно обратить внимание? 6. собаку надо кормить твердой пищей. 7. За врачом послали ли до того как ты пришел? 8. Было прочитано много интересных стихов.

Задание 6.

Письменно переведите текст и задайте 5 вопросов в виде плана для пересказа текста.

Romans, Europeans and "New Russians"

But it isn't the answer to spelling yet, and we have to move further, when the same old story happened to the Romans themselves. In the beginning they were not at all philosophers, but brave soldiers. First, they built their Eternal City, then filled it with beautiful things and buildings and, having become rich and powerful, wished to be educated, as their neighbours. Just as our "new Russians." The educational base for the Romans was, no doubt, Hellas. That's where they took books and philosophy from, as well as teachers for the patricians' kids. Greek became the fashionable language to study. However, there was peculiarity about the fashion, since the Romans had already created their own alphabet and, therefore, had to rewrite Greek scientific terms and other words in Latin. That is when our problems began! The scrupulous descendants of Romulus and Remus did their best to copy strange Greek soundings. If only they could imagine, what they were doing! They started to spell the sounds, that seemed aspirated to them with their native letters plus "h": ph, th, ch, rh, but they couldn't, of course, make everyone pronounce them this way, so they finished by speaking as it was convenient: [f], [t], [k], [r]. Then, finding no more correspondences, they went as far as to invent three more letters especially to reproduce specific Greek ones: x, y, z, and put them at the end of the Latin alphabet after the last letter W. Just compare, by the way, the former Latin alphabet from A to W and Greek from A (alpha) to Д (omega). For instance, the letter "y" meant a sound like "ii" in German or "eu" in French, but as the Romans had no such a sound, they very soon started to read it as "i" and even called it "i-grec," that is "i Greek." Anyhow, we have to "thank" the Romans, whenever we have troubles in spelling words like "hypothesis," "anxiety," "sympathy," "horizon," etc. But what's the use of knowing it? Maybe, for a European student it's nothing, but for a Russian learner, it's half a clue. The other half has to be found in the history of the Russian language.

ВАРИАНТ 6

Задание 1.

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо и переведите предложения.

1.This... pencil is broken. Give me that... pencil, please.

2. My... mother is at... home. She is reading... interesting... book.

3. There is... cup on... coffee-table and... newspapers. There is... coffee in... cup.

4.... Moscow is situated on... Moscow River.... Moscow is a river that moves very slowly.

5. It was largely because of... Dickers' sharp criticism that... English Government was finally forced to do away with... debtors' prisons.

Задание 2.

Заполните пропуски, вставив одно из местоимений, данных в скобках, и переведите предложения.

1. We did not play... games in the yard because it was raining all day long. (no, any)

2. There is... at home. (anybody, nobody)

3. Have you lost...? (anything, nothing)

Задание 3.

Раскроете скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из времен, укажите его и переведите предложения:

1. Peter (to read) by the fireplace when the door (to open) and the maid (to enter). The cook (to follow) her. 2. When the mother (to satisfy) herself that the children (to sleep) peacefully in their beds, she (to take) out the Christmas presents and carefully (to put) them into the stockings which (to hang) at the beds. 3. If you (to ring) me up tomorrow, I (to tell) you all about it. 4. If you (to help) me tomorrow, I (to do) this work well. 5. I always (to get up) at 8 o'clock, but tomorrow I (to get) up a little later. 6. What you (to read) now? 7. A s soon as you (to see) your friend, tell him that I (to want) to see him. 8. They (to walk) along the street and (to talk). Suddenly Nick (to stop) and (to say): "Oh, what shall we do? I (to lose) the key to the door." "If you (not to find) it," said Pete, "we (to have) to wait for mother in the street.

Задание 4.

Выпишите модальные глаголы или их эквиваленты, причастия настоящего времени, указывая от каких глаголов они образованы, и переведите предложения.

1. I got up at 7 o'clock. 2. We were talking all our meeting. 3. He speaks English well. 4. When I was a young person I liked sport. 5. They are allowed to take these books. 6. I can’t help you. 7. She's looking at the man next to her. 8. I shall be reading when you come. 9. Has Lucille а new motorcar. 10. Has he to listen to her? 11. I don't go out because it’s cold outside. 12. I might take your things.

Задание 5.

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.

1. Знают ли стихи Роберта Бернса во многих странах мира? 2. Когда мы сели за стол, нам принесли салаты. 3. Его надо чаще спрашивать. 4. На что нужно обратить внимание? 5. Когда Чарлз Диккенс был маленьким мальчиком, его отца посадили в долговую тюрьму. 6. Собор Святого Павла строил архитектор Рен. 7. Наш зал сейчас ремонтируется фирмой «Сервиз». 8. Кем доставлена продукция?

Задание 6.

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TESTING TIMESExam stress doesn't occur most strongly during the actual exams but in the few weeks just before them. The climax is usually the night before, when last minute preparations confirm your worst fears. There are, however, some simple ways of dealing with the problem.

First, the dedicated student can suffer from anxiety, brainblocks and memory "gaps," just as much as the student who has left everything to the last minute. But the remedy is the same in each case. The night before is too late to do anything. Far better to go to dance, for a walk, to the pictures or play a game rather than increase stress by frantic efforts to plug in gaps in your knowledge.

The brain is a complex bioelectrical machine, which, like a computer, can be overloaded. It does not work continuously, but in fits and starts. As you read this, the relevant part of your brain receives the messages from your eyes, processes them, and you comprehend. All this occurs in a series of steps. When you study, your brain reaches its maximum efficiency about five minutes after you start work, stays at a plateau for about ten minutes, and thereafter it is all downhill. Indeed, after thirty minutes your attention wanders, your memory actually shuts off, and boredom sets in.

For this reason, the best way to study is in half-hour sessions, with gaps in between of about the same length. It even helps to change subjects and not keep at the same one, since this reduces the boredom factor.

Two drugs are often used by students – as they are by writers, mathematicians and scientists everywhere. I do not mean pills, which can result in serious fatigue, but coffee and tea. The active ingredient in each is caffeine, a drug which definitely stimulates the brain, making you more alert. Coffee is about five times stronger than tea, and if you drink more than ten cups, it has a depressing effect on memory and alertness. And large doses of caffeine can keep you awake.

During sleep, the message conveyed to your brain – the things you have been trying to learn – are either put into your permanent memory store, in which case you will remember them, or pass into your transient memory store, in which case you will have a vague idea, but no clear recollection.

We put data into permanent store when we think it is important. It will file jokes, soccer results, film stars, names or pop tunes with extreme accuracy, on the other hand, erase things which bore or unsettle us.

The lesson here is clear. To beat exam stress you have to feel that what you are doing is fun, and perhaps the best way to do this is to treat revision as a game. This gives your brain the best chance to excel this. If you tire it with long, boring study sessions, you'll find you can't remember much, but if you stimulate it with short, snappy sessions you'll he surprised how quick and sharp you are.

ВАРИАНТ 7.

Задание 1.

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо, и переведите предложения.

My... brother is not at... home, he is at... school.

We have... large room. There is... big sofa in... room and... little lamp on... wall over... sofa.

Where is... coffee-table in your... room?... coffee-table is in... front of... sofa.

... most important is... Hudson River which runs into... Atlantic Ocean.

He took... tourists from... place to... place, but as... town was small, after... while... guide could not think of anything that might be of... interest to... Americans.

Задание 2.

Заполните пропуски, вставив одно из местоимений, данных в скобках, и переведите предложения.

1. Have you lost...? (anything, nothing)

2. No, nobody here has lost.... (nothing anything)

3. “They have … red boots, Kate”. (any, no)

Задание 3.

Раскроете скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из времен, укажите время и переведите предложения:

1. I (to live) in St. Petersburg since 1991. 2. By the fifteenth of January the students (to pass) all the examinations.. You (to go) for a walk with me? - I (to be) sorry, I can't. I (to do) my homework. I (not to write) the English exercise yet. If you (to wait) for me, I (to go) with you in half an hour. I (to want) to go for a walk very much, because I (not to go) for a walk yesterday. 3. Yesterday I (to put) five apples into the vase. Where they (to be) now? - I (to eat) them. You (to bring) some more tomorrow? - Yes, if you (not to make) noise when granny (to sleep). 4. You ever (to be) to the Hermitage? 5. The students (to write) the paper by dinner-time. 6. I (to ring) you up as soon as I (to come) home tomorrow. 7. They (to walk) along the street and (to talk). Suddenly Nick (to stop).

Задание 4.

Выпишите модальные глаголы или их эквиваленты, причастия настоящего времени, указывая от каких глаголов они образованы, и переведите предложения.

1. She must be here at 5 o'clock. 2. I shall phone you tomorrow. 3. I was in the cinema. 4. They are reading their books. 5. I have а big cat. 6. Bob could sleep all day. 7. Will you be translating your lesson from 5 to 6? 8. Will you be present at the lesson tomorrow? 916. It is raining very hard. 10. He has to go there. 11. We shall be going to the cinema at 5 o'clock tomorrow. 12. He sees nobody playing football.

Задание 5.

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.

1. Можно кошку оставить во дворе? 2. За этим профессором всегда посылают в трудных ситуациях. 3. Колю как раз сейчас спрашивают. 4. Книги уже принесли из библиотеки? 5. На что нужно обратить внимание? 6. собаку надо кормить твердой пищей. 7. За врачом послали ли до того как ты пришел? 8. Было прочитано много интересных стихов.

Задание 6.

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A DYING BREED AS SCHOOL YEAR STARTS

Vera Yudina is one of an endangered species in Moscow – a school teacher. "Only those who cannot live without school stay on in spite of the difficulties," said Yudina, citing low salaries as the main incentive to leave. The average salary at school No 1259 – where Yudina has been teaching for the past 10 years – is just over 350 rubles ($80) a month.

With nearly 800 teaching vacancies throughout its 1,366 schools, Moscow's Education Department is struggling with a severe shortage – with teachers of foreign languages, and English in particular, in greatest demand. Some Moscow schools cannot provide instruction in some of the most basic fields, including Russian, English and social sciences.

Russia's teacher deficit is nation-wide, but it is more acute in Moscow and St. Petersburg, where those with a command of a foreign language have more opportunity to trade in their skills for a higher salary with Western firms.

While Education Minister Yevgeny Tkachenko announced that the exodus of teachers from the classroom has levelled off, the staff at school No 1259 do not see an end in sight even though it is a privileged school. And judging by the increasing number of disgruntled teachers who turn to Moscow's employment agencies to find new work, the vacancies are likely to spread.

At firms such as Eurospan and the Russian Connection, they are still redirecting a steady stream of former teachers and recent teaching graduates, finding them better paid work as receptionists, secretaries, or sales personnel.

"In some cases teachers can find work in human resources – like myself," said a representative of The Russian Connection, who gave up his job as a math teacher a few years ago. The teacher deficit has not only affected schools scrambling to fill the gaps, but the quality of education as well. As school administrators find it harder to fill teaching vacancies, they are forced to accept teachers with lower qualifications.

According to Education Ministry statistics, the percentage of teachers with only a secondary education in Russia last year rose to just over 11 per cent. At the same time, the number of pension-teachers rose by 20,000 last year to nearly 9 per cent of Russia's total staff of 1.5 million teachers and administrators.

ВАРИАНТ 8

Задание 1.

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо и переведите предложения.

1. Is this my … pencil? No, it isn’t. It is not my … pencil. It’s … his … pencil.

2. My... brother is not at... home, he is at... school.

3 On... days when I have no... classes, I stay at... home and do some work about... house. I have... dinner with my family.

4. It was... hot day.... sun was shining brightly.... wolf and lamb met at... stream.

5.... Volga runs into... Caspian Sea. Several rivers run into... sea at... New York.

Задание 2.

Заполните пропуски, вставив одно из местоимений, данных в скобках и переведите предложения.

1. "I haven't got... clean exercise-books, Mother," said the boy. (any, no)

2. How much did you pay for these pots? – I didn't pay.... (nothing, anything)

3. “They have … red boots, Kate”. (any, no)

Задание 3.

Раскроете скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен, и переведите предложения:

1. They (to sail) down the river for many hours before they (to come) to the village. 2. How many pages you (to read) by 5 o'clock tomorrow? 3. Tomorrow I (to begin) doing my homework as soon as I come from school. I (to do) my homework from 3 till 6. My father (to come) home at 7 o'clock tomorrow. I (to do) all my homework by the time he comes, and we (to go) for a walk together. 4. I (not to be) to my home town for five years. 5. The rain (to stop) by the time we (to reach) home. 6. Mike (to eat) ice-cream every day. Look, he (to eat) ice-cream now. When I (to see) him in the morning, he (to eat) ice-cream, too. He (to say) he (to eat) one ice-cream already by that time. I think he (to fall) ill if he (to eat) so much ice-cream.

Задание 4.

Выпишите модальные глаголы или их эквиваленты, причастия настоящего времени, указывая от каких глаголов они образованы, и переведите предложения.

1. Is she coming to London to see her father? 2. Can you read English books? 3. We are in the classroom. 4. There were the students in my class. 5. We shall have to visit her at hospital. 6. Does she wear jeans? 7. We're going to a concert. 8. They were to listen to his stories 9.Is it raining now? 10. I am a student. 11. What time did you come after your lessons? 12. I am to do this work. 13. The smiling girl is his sister.

Задание 5.

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.

1. Когда сорвали эти цветы? 2. Колю как раз сейчас спрашивают. 3. Книги уже принесли из библиотеки? 4. В Санкт-Петербурге строят много домов. 5. Куда положили тетради? 6. За этим профессором всегда посылают в трудных ситуациях. 7. Обед только что приготовлен. 8. Задание выполнено до того, как пришел инспектор?

Задание 6.

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The Association of Teacher Educators (ATE) is committed to excellence in teacher education. To respond to the very diverse practices existing in the states that allow alternative teacher certification (АТС) programs ATE recommends these guidelines:

1) Each graduate in а АТС program should have completed college courses which lead to a command of major concepts in written and oral communication, math, social science, physical science, humanities (including the arts and literature) and non-western contemporary culture.

2) State exams in basic skills required of students in regular teacher education programs should be required of АТС candidates.

3) АТС candidates should pass personal interviews assessing orientation to the nature of teaching, the nature of students and goals of school.

4) Candidate selection must include analysis of career and work histories, type and nature of previous careers, performance in former jobs, periods of employment (and unemployment), hospitalization, etc.

5) Selection should follow direct experiences with children and youth. This requirement can be met with a summer of paid work before employment. This enables some candidates to opt out or be selected out.

6) When possible, prior, direct experiences with children and youth should be in the same school building where candidates will begin as intern teachers.

7) АТС candidates should be paid for the direct, supervised experiences with state or district funds provided for them to be paid the same as beginning АТС teachers. A paid experience will be a recruiting mechanism.

8) Experienced teachers should serve as mentors, support teachers and coaches of АТС candidates throughout the first year at a ratio of 2 candidates to 1 teacher. In the years 2 and 3 the ratio might become 8 to 1. At least 20% of the experienced teachers' assigned load should be allocated to the mentor role. Mentors should be paid extra, based on a number of candidates supervised. A minimum of 500 dollars is recommended for each first year АТС candidate with whom a mentor works.

9) Mentors should receive special training in coaching and advising АТС candidates. Training might be offered by university personnel, consultants, highly-qualified classroom teachers, etc.

10) АТС candidates should not be required to take more than one three-credit course or more than 45 hours of instruction per semester – from any source – during their first year of teaching.

ВАРИАНТ 9

Задание 1.

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо, и переведите предложения.

I can see three... boys.... boys are playing.

I have two... sisters. My... sisters are... students.

My... uncle is... married. He has... beautiful wife. They have... son, but they have no... daughter.

I have... colour TV-set.... TV-set is on... little table in corner of... room.

Is there... sofa in your... living-room? - Yes, there is... cosy little... sofa in... living-room.

Задание 2.

Заполните пропуски, вставив одно из местоимений, данных в скобках и переведите предложения.

1. "I haven't got... clean exercise-books, Mother," said the boy. (any, no)

2. How much did you pay for these pots? – I didn't pay.... (nothing, anything)

3. “They have … red boots, Kate”. (any, no)

Задание 3.

Раскроете скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из времен, укажите его и переведите предложения:

1. I (to live) in St. Petersburg since 1991. 2. By the fifteenth of January the students (to pass) all the examinations.. You (to go) for a walk with me? - I (to be) sorry, I can't. I (to do) my homework. I (not to write) the English exercise yet. If you (to wait) for me, I (to go) with you in half an hour. I (to want) to go for a walk very much, because I (not to go) for a walk yesterday. 3. Yesterday I (to put) five apples into the vase. Where they (to be) now? - I (to eat) them. You (to bring) some more tomorrow? - Yes, if you (not to make) noise when granny (to sleep). 4. You ever (to be) to the Hermitage? 5. The students (to write) the paper by dinner-time. 6. I (to ring) you up as soon as I (to come) home tomorrow. 7. They (to walk) along the street and (to talk). Suddenly Nick (to stop).

Задание 4.

Выпишите модальные глаголы или их эквиваленты, причастия настоящего времени, указывая от каких глаголов они образованы, и переведите предложения.

1. Is she coming to London to see her father? 2. Can you read English books? 3. We are in the classroom. 4. There were the students in my class. 5. We shall have to visit her at hospital. 6. Does she wear jeans? 7. We're going to a concert. 8. They were to listen to his stories 9.Is it raining now?10. I am a student. 11. What time did you come after your lessons? 12. I am to do this work. 13. The smiling girl is his sister.

Задание 5.

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.

1. Когда сорвали эти цветы? 2. Колю как раз сейчас спрашивают. 3. Книги уже принесли из библиотеки? 4. В Санкт-Петербурге строят много домов. 5. Куда положили тетради? 6. За этим профессором всегда посылают в трудных ситуациях. 7. Обед только что приготовлен. 8. Задание выполнено до того, как пришел инспектор?

Задание 6.

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For the Young Teacher

He is one who comes fresh to even routine stuff– tables in Arithmetic – verbs in Languages – dates in History – dull old stuff, but given a new look by the alive, alert teacher. He is one who prepares carefully and doesn't merely turn up the stuff of his training college notes of twenty years ago – or two years ago. The first step towards fun in the classroom, then, is "mental preparedness" – what's in the mind of the teacher. Next there is his "physical" organization or preparation.

Organization is so important if a lesson is to be fun – if it is to go with a swing. Organization means having at hand the right books and the right number of them – the right tools for the job – pens, pencils, paper – the right apparatus for this lesson, not old junk covered with the dust of ages or "knocked up" to satisfy a training college examiner without any specific group of children or lesson for them in mind.

Now comes the all-important matter of the teaching manner. He should be alert and dynamic in voice and gesture. He should not have the desk as perpetual barrier between himself and his children. He should stand for his teaching and not lounge or sprawl in a chair. And finally, and of supreme importance, his voice should have variety in pitch, speed and volume. After all, the voice of the teacher is his supreme teaching aid. With it he teaches the subtleties of "grammar" that differentiate in English between this and these at the elementary level or the subtleties of "mood" in poetry, prose, and drama.

And so the teacher who is resolved that his lessons shall be fun reads and studies and listens daily and keeps himself "educated." So he goes through his lesson in advance and checks that all his "stores" are ready. Finally, he makes every effort to train his voice to be the servant of his will. The voice reflects the man and his mood. A man in his life, says Shakespeare, plays many parts. The teacher plays even more than many parts and his voice must be in tune with all the players and the play.

Given all this, the child has fun and the lesson is enjoyed. Teaching that is joyless and without fun lacks total effectiveness and it is certain that the teacher in only partly living!

ВАРИАНТ 10

Задание 1.

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо и переведите предложения.

1. Is this my … pencil? No, it isn’t. It is not my … pencil. It’s … his … pencil.

2. She has … child.

3. There is... tea in my... glass. There is no... tea in my... friend's... glass.

4. Is there... sofa in your... living-room? - Yes, there is... cosy little... sofa in... living-room.

5. Where is... refrigerator in your... kitchen? - It is in... corner of... kitchen.

Задание 2.

Заполните пропуски, вставив одно из местоимений, данных в скобках и переведите предложения.

1. We shall not buy … in this shop, children," said the mother. (nothing, anything)

2. Didn't you buy... potatoes yesterday? (any, no)

3. I didn't see... in the street when I went out. (anybody, nobody)

Задание 3.

Раскроете скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из времен, укажите их и переведите предложения:

1. What you (to do) two days ago when I (to come) in? 2. When I (to come) to his house, they (to tell) me that he (to leave) an hour before. 3. On checking up his answers he (to find) out that he (to make) several mistakes. 4. I (not to go) to the cinema tomorrow. I (to watch) TV the whole evening. 5.As soon as I (to receive) a letter, I shall go to Moscow. 6. Yesterday I (to put) five apples into the vase. Where they (to be) now? - I (to eat) them. You (to bring) some more tomorrow? - Yes, if you (not to make) noise when granny (to sleep). 7. You ever (to be) to the Hermitage? 8. What you (to do) tomorrow? 9. What you (to do) at 8 o'clock tomorrow?

Задание 4.

Выпишите модальные глаголы или их эквиваленты, причастия настоящего времени, указывая от каких глаголов они образованы, и переведите предложения.

1. He isn't waiting for us. 2. She cannot do this work. 3. Are you speaking Russian now? 4. May I come in. 5. I go to the library in the evening. 6. You couldn’t ski, it’s so cold. 7. She did that work laughing. 8. I’m allowed to do all I want. 9. My brother was to do this work.10. Have you to answer to the question? 11. He was going to the park when I met him. 12. John was able to cross a river.

Задание 5.

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.

1. Когда сорвали эти цветы? 2. Колю как раз сейчас спрашивают. 3. Книги уже принесли из библиотеки? 4. В Санкт-Петербурге строят много домов. 5. Куда положили тетради? 6. За этим профессором всегда посылают в трудных ситуациях. 7. Обед только что приготовлен. 8. Задание выполнено до того, как пришел инспектор?

Задание 6.

Письменно переведите текст и задайте 5 вопросов в виде плана для пересказа текста.

TESTING TIMES

Exam stress doesn't occur most strongly during the actual exams but in the few weeks just before them. The climax is usually the night before, when last minute preparations confirm your worst fears. There are, however, some simple ways of dealing with the problem.

First, the dedicated student can suffer from anxiety, brainblocks and memory "gaps," just as much as the student who has left everything to the last minute. But the remedy is the same in each case. The night before is too late to do anything. Far better to go to dance, for a walk, to the pictures or play a game rather than increase stress by frantic efforts to plug in gaps in your knowledge.

The brain is a complex bioelectrical machine, which, like a computer, can be overloaded. It does not work continuously, but in fits and starts. As you read this, the relevant part of your brain receives the messages from your eyes, processes them, and you comprehend. All this occurs in a series of steps. When you study, your brain reaches its maximum efficiency about five minutes after you start work, stays at a plateau for about ten minutes, and thereafter it is all downhill. Indeed, after thirty minutes your attention wanders, your memory actually shuts off, and boredom sets in.

For this reason, the best way to study is in half-hour sessions, with gaps in between of about the same length. It even helps to change subjects and not keep at the same one, since this reduces the boredom factor.

Two drugs are often used by students – as they are by writers, mathematicians and scientists everywhere. I do not mean pills, which can result in serious fatigue, but coffee and tea. The active ingredient in each is caffeine, a drug which definitely stimulates the brain, making you more alert. Coffee is about five times stronger than tea, and if you drink more than ten cups, it has a depressing effect on memory and alertness. And large doses of caffeine can keep you awake.

During sleep, the message conveyed to your brain – the things you have been trying to learn – are either put into your permanent memory store, in which case you will remember them, or pass into your transient memory store, in which case you will have a vague idea, but no clear recollection.

We put data into permanent store when we think it is important. It will file jokes, soccer results, film stars, names or pop tunes with extreme accuracy, on the other hand, erase things which bore or unsettle us.

The lesson here is clear. To beat exam stress you have to feel that what you are doing is fun, and perhaps the best way to do this is to treat revision as a game. This gives your brain the best chance to excel this. If you tire it with long, boring study sessions, you'll find you can't remember much, but if you stimulate it with short, snappy sessions you'll he surprised how quick and sharp you are.


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